When we first started writing about this topic we found out that we were talking about the oldest in the Bible, a road that stretches back to the dawn of humanity.
But we weren’t quite sure how old it was, since there’s no record of its construction, and because it’s been buried under rocks for some time.
Now, thanks to an extensive search, we’ve discovered a much more complete record of the road’s construction.
According to archaeologist Robert Brindley of the University of Aberdeen, the oldest surviving road in history dates to between 2500 BCE and 2000 BCE, when the ancient Sumerians used it to move grain and grain-bearing stones from their cities to the new cities.
(Read more about archaeology and ancient cities in Archaeology magazine.)
In this article we’ll look at the oldest known road in Egypt, a path that crosses the Nile River.
The road, called the “great road,” was constructed by Sumerian king Sargon II and his successors, the “kingdom of Assyria.”
(Learn more about the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia.)
The road was built by the Sumerite king Nippur, and was built to connect the new city of Ur to the Sumeria (modern-day Iraq) at the foot of Mount Sinai.
(See photos of the Great Road.)
Today, there are no archaeological sites in the area where the road was constructed, but the city of Tel-Eid (modern day Israel) is where many of the stone carvings are found.
Archaeologists excavating a small section of the ancient road in Tel-eid have found carvies of animal bones, human bones, and stone tools, including a hammer and a pottery bowl.
(Photo: The Great Road, by Robert Brindle) The roads road was designed to pass through the desert and the desert’s sand dunes, which are also the home of a wide variety of creatures.
Archaeological finds in the areas around the Great Roads include carviered stone tools and stone implements, carvied stones from a river that once flowed into the Great River, and other artifacts.
Archaeologist Robert E. Brindle of the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology in the United Kingdom and colleagues found an engraved pottery pot with a human skull inside.
The pottery was probably made by an early Sumerician man, who lived in the region about 2000 BCE to 4000 BCE, and who was probably killed or forced to leave for the Sumeri empire.
Archaeology also has uncovered a collection of clay pottery, which was probably created in a similar way to the stone tools.
(Learn about the earliest known Sumeric pottery.)
There are other evidence of human occupation in the Great Plains, such as a carvying site near a large, ancient town that dates to about 700 BCE.
The team found caravings of animal parts and animal bones along with other carviers’ artifacts.
(Photos: The Late Sumer Valley, by the Museum at the University at Albany in New York.)
The archaeologists also found a number of stone tools that they believe date to around 500 BCE.
These included an axe, a stone axe, and an axe-shaped stone.
There are also stone-cutters’ tools that are thought to be from the period of the early Sumers, and a variety of tools, from wooden tools to spear-like weapons, that are believed to be made from the remains of ancient horses and other animals.
(Watch an episode of The Archaeology Channel’s “Road to Jericho” to see more of the evidence in the Ancient Road.)
The Great Roads Road is also the only one in the Near East that is currently under archaeological protection, meaning it’s protected under a UNESCO World Heritage Site designation.
The other roads in the Middle East and North Africa, including the one in Egypt (which is protected by UNESCO), are under threat due to climate change, flooding, and natural disasters.
(Discover more about climate change and flooding in The Archaeological Channel.)
In the United States, the Great roads are protected under the Antiquities Act of 1906, which provides for the preservation of ancient sites and artifacts for the enjoyment of future generations.
But as climate change makes it more difficult for people to live near ancient sites, it may become harder for the government to protect them.
(Find out more about this in our article on the threat of climate change.)
Today there are still people living along the Great Path in the U.S., and some people in the northern part of the country are also living along it.
But there are signs that the Great Great Roads are disappearing.
In 2017, archaeologists working in northern New Mexico discovered the remains and bones of a large animal that was probably an animal that had been killed along the road.
(The archaeologists also discovered human remains on the road.)
In 2018, a group of scientists led by Professor Jens Hagen of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology